Mozart Time Line

World Events

1756
French and Indian War begins between Britain and France

1763
Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War
Mason-Dixon Line is drawn

1765
Catherine the Great relaxes religious persecution in Russia First paved sidewalks
appear in London

1770
Boston Massacre occurs

1771
The first volume of the Encyclopedia Britannica
is published

1773
Boston Tea Party

1776
United States issues
Declaration of Independence

1781
Cornwallis surrenders to the American forces at Yorktown

1782
Benjamin Franklin presides over preliminary peace talks between England and the American revolutionaries

1783
American Revolution ends with the signing of
The Treaty of Paris

1789
Washington is inaugurated
as the first
President of the United States
The Bastille is stormed in Paris, initiating the French Revolution

1790
Washington, D.C. is founded as the permanent federal capital of the U.S.

1791
The first Ten Amendments to the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights, are ratified

Mozart's Life

1756
January 27,
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
born, Salzburg, Austria

1763
Wolfgang and
his sister, Nannerl,
tour Europe
as child prodigies

1764
Wolfgang composes his first symphony at the age of eight

1768
Premiere of Mozart's first opera at the age of twelve
in Vienna, Bastien und Bastienne

1770
Mozart receives the
Order of the Golden Spur
from Pope Clement.
He begins ten years of unhappy employment in the house hold of the
Archbishop of Salzburg

1771
Mitridate, Rč di Ponto
is a great success in Milan
(Mozart is only fifteen)

1775
La Finta Giardiniera
popular success in Munich

1781
Idomeneo premieres
in Munich

1782
Mozart marries
Constanze Weber
following success of
The Abduction From The Seraglio, Vienna

1783
Mozart composes the
Mass in C minor

1786
The Marriage of Figaro premieres in Vienna and is a tremendous success in
Prague the following year

1787
Leopold Mozart dies
Don Giovanni triumphs in Prague

1790
Cosė Fan Tutte premieres in Vienna without success

1791
The Magic Flute opens, Vienna
Mozart dies three months later at the age of thirty-five

Musical Events

1751
"War of the Operas"
divides Paris into
pro-Italian and pro-French music lovers

1755
Austrian composer
Franz Joseph Haydn composes his first string quartet

1756
Violinschule, a book written by Leopold Mozart on playing the violin, is published

1758
First English manual on guitar playing published

1759
English composer,
George Frederick Handel
dies (born in 1685)

1761
First electric instrument, electric harpsichord, is invented in Paris.

1762
Orpheus and Eurydice,
an opera by Gluck,
is performed

1770
German composer Ludwig van Beethoven is born
in Bonn, Germany
Pygmalion, an opera by J.J. Rousseau, is performed

1772
Flight and Kelly,
a London firm of organ builders,
produces first barrel organs

1773
The waltz becomes
fashionable in Vienna

1776
Bolshoi Ballet is founded
in Moscow

1778
La Scala, a famous opera house, opens in Milan

1790
The first musical competition in the United States
takes place

1791
Haydn's "Surprise" Symphony No. 94 in G premieres

Go to
Return to Cleveland Opera On Tour | Cleveland Opera