Washington is inaugurated as
the first President of the
The Bastille is stormed in
Paris, initiating the French Revolution.
The first Ten Amendments to
Bill of Rights, are ratified.
Spain wars against
but is defeated and forced into alliance with France.
Napoleon conquers Spain and regains Louisiana territory.
Napoleon agrees to purchase
of Louisiana Territory by U.S.
Napoleon invades Spain and names his brother Joseph Bonaparte King of
Battle of Waterloo,
"Savannah" becomes the first steamship to cross the Atlantic
Ocean (26 days).
First public steam railway opens in England.
Abolition of slaves in British possessions.
Republic of Texas annexed to USA.
of gold in California.
Gioacchino Antonio Rossini born February 29 in Pesaro, Italy.
At the age of fourteen,
Rossini composes his first opera, Demetrio e Polibio; however,
it was not produced until 1812.
Rossini enters Liceo Musicale
in Bologna, but soon leaves
due to financial difficulties.
La Pietra del Paragone, Rossini's first substantial success, is
introduced at La Scala and is given fifty times in its first season.
THE BARBER OF SEVILLE premiered at the Teatro Argentina on February 26.
Cenerentola (Cinderella) premieres January 25
at Teatro Valle in Rome.
Rossini marries Isabella Colbran.
Rossini's popularity grows so great that Charles X of France offers him
a ten-year contract to write and produce a new opera every other year.
William Tell, the only opera composed under the
contract with Charles X, premieres at the Paris Opera
on August 3. Rossini ceases composing operas.
Rossini's life is complicated by illness and prolonged legal battles with
Shortly after his wife dies, Rossini marries life-long love Olympe Pelissier.
Rossini dies in Passy, France on November 13.
The Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna and is a tremendous success in Prague the following
The first musical competition in the U.S. takes place.
Magic Flute opens, Vienna. Mozart dies
three months later at the
age of thirty-five.
German Ludwig van Beethoven composes Moonlight Sonata for piano.
composes Fidelio, his first and only complete opera.
Philharmonic Society is
founded in London.
Accordion invented in Germany.
Romeo and Juliet
by Berlioz premieres.
The Daughter of the Regiment by Donizetti premieres.
premieres in Venice.
making pianos in New York.
Birth of Italian composer Giacomo Puccini.
Johann Strauss the Younger composes the famous waltz, The Blue Danube.